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An Example of Hostilities

S.M. Lipset's book, Political Man (Anchor 1963), was written before "persons of quality" employed public relations professionals to edit out "oversights" (which show their contempt for anyone not of their "class"), and is nothing but a long diatribe against the lower economic classes. Page 114 is especially vivid in describing what "the so-called upper class" (as Hitler put it) think about "the lower-class individual":

To sum up, the lower-class individual is likely to have been exposed to punishment, lack of love, and a general atmosphere of tension and aggression since early childhood--all experiences which tend to produce deep-rooted hostilities expressed by ethnic prejudice, political authoritarianism, and chiliastic transvaluational religion. His educational attainment is less than that of men with higher socioeconomic status, and his association as a child with others of similar background not only fails to stimulate his intellectual interests but also creates an atmosphere which prevents his educational experience from increasing his general social sophistication and his understanding of different groups and ideas. Leaving school relatively early, he is surrounded on the job by others with similarly restricted cultural, educational, and family background. Little external influence impinges on his limited environment. From early childhood, he has sought immediate gratifications, rather than engaged in activities which might have long-term rewards. The logic of both his adult employment and his family situation reinforces this limited time perspective. As the sociologist C. C. North has put it, isolation from heterogeneous environments, characteristic of low status, operates to "limit the source of information, to retard the development of efficiency in judgment and reasoning abilities, and to confine the attention to more trivial interests in life."

(If Mr. Lipset would have taken the time to look at the majority of those within his own class objectively, he would have found that "likely," they suffer from nearly the same attributes -- and talk about "deep-rooted hostilities"!)

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